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Asylum applications in industrialized world soar to almost 900,000 in 2014

Asylum applications in industrialized world soar to almost 900,000 in 2014

 

GENEVA, March 26 (UNHCR) – The UN refugee agency reported on Thursday that the wars in Syria and Iraq, as well as armed conflicts, human rights violations and deteriorating security and humanitarian conditions in other countries, pushed the number of asylum applications in industrialized countries to a 22-year high last year.

The Asylum Trends 2014 report puts the estimated number of new asylum applications lodged in industrialized countries throughout the year at 866,000, a 45 per cent increase from 2013, when 596,600 claims were registered. The 2014 figure is the highest since 1992, at the beginning of the conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The key findings of Asylum Trend 2014 report shows below trends

  • An estimated 866,000 asylum applications were registered in 2014 in the 44 industrialized countries covered by the report, a 45 per cent increase from 2013 (596,600 claims). The 2014 figure is close to the all-time high of almost 900,000 asylum applications recorded in 1992.
  • With 173,100 applications registered during 2014, Germany continued to be the largest recipient of new asylum claims among the group of industrialized countries. The United States of America was second with an estimated 121,200 applications, followed by Turkey (87,800), Sweden (75,100), and Italy (63,700). The top five receiving countries together accounted for six out of ten new asylum claims submitted in the 44 industrialized countries.
  • Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Serbia and Kosovo, and Eritrea were the five top source countries of asylum-seekers in the 44 industrialized countries in 2014.
  • Syria remained the main country of origin of asylum-seekers in industrialized countries. Provisional data indicate that 149,600 Syrians requested refugee status in 2014, more than double the number of 2013 (56,300 claims) and 17 times more than in 2011 (8,700 claims). The 2014 level is the highest number recorded by a single group among the industrialized countries since 1992.

An asylum-seeker is someone who says he or she is a refugee, but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluated.

National asylum systems are there to decide which asylum-seekers actually qualify for international protection. Those judged through proper procedures not to be refugees, nor to be in need of any other form of international protection, can be sent back to their home countries. (Source: http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c137.html)

Read Full report: http://www.unhcr.org/551128679.html